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  1. #1

    The One Who Commits Suicide

    The One Who Commits Suicide

    Taken from
    The Major Sins

    Imaam ad-Dhahabi

    Translated by
    Abbas Abu Yahya

    The Major sin - Twenty-Five

    The One Who Commits Suicide which is from the Greatest of Sins

    Allaah Ta'aala says:

    << And do not kill yourselves, indeed Allaah is Most Merciful to you.
    And whoever commits that through aggression and injustice, We shall cast him into the Fire, and that is easy for Allaah. If you avoid the major sins which you are forbidden to do, We shall remit from you your (small) sins, and admit you to a Noble Entrance (i.e. Paradise). >>

    Allaah Ta'aala says:

    << And those who invoke not any other ilâh (god) along with Allaah, nor kill such life as Allaah has forbidden…...>>

    191 - Narrated by Jundub ibn Abdullaah radiAllaah anhu :

    That the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said, "Amongst the nations before you was a man who had a wound, and growing impatient (with its pain), he took a knife and cut his hand with it and the blood did not stop until he died. Allaah said, 'My Slave hurried to bring death upon himself so I have forbidden him (to enter) Paradise.'

    Agreed upon by Bukhari & Muslim
    192 - Narrated Abu Huraira radiAllaah anhu who said:

    That the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:
    "Whoever kills himself with an iron weapon, will be carrying that weapon in his hand and stabbing his abdomen with it in the (Hell) Fire wherein he will abide eternally forever. and whoever drinks poison and kills himself with it, he will be carrying his poison in his hand and drinking it in the (Hell) Fire wherein he will abide eternally forever; "

    Agreed upon by Bukhari & Muslim

    193 – In an authentic hadeeth: A person was wounded, he hurried death and killed himself with the tip of his sword, the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said: “He is from the people of the fire.”

    194 - It is narrated on the authority of Yahya bin Abee Katheer, on the authority of Abee Qilaaba, on the authority of Thabit bin al-Dahhak:

    That the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said : “Cursing a believer is like killing him, and whoever accuses a believer of Kufr then he is like his killer, and he who killed himself with something in this world then Allaah will punish him with that (very thing) on the Day of Resurrection.

    Authentic hadeeth

    All Praise belongs to Allaah, may His peace and blessings be upon our final Prophet Muhammad, his family, his companions and all those who follow his guidance.
    Abbas Abu Yahya
    Jeddah, KSA.

  2. #2
    Since this thread is in the "Fiqh" section, and not the "Purification of the Soul" or "General Discussion" sections, it is important to note that that while the wording of the hadeeth seems to indicate that a Muslim who commits suicide will be in the fire forever, this is not the case, due to other explicit hadeeth on the subject and the generality of Allaah forgiving every sin less than shirk.

    It would not be necessary to mention this along with a general warning against the crime of suicide, as many scholars would warn against major sins using texts that could be very scary and perhaps indicative of takfeer (being outside of Islaam), but since this is the Fiqh section, this is the place for tafseel (detailed understanding), not a warning with ijmaal (brief, unexplained mention) of something that can cause confusion.

    Review for details:

    It should also be noted that the source book above is al-Kabaa'ir, a book of warnings against major sins.
    Moosaa Richardson


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