View Full Version : Regarding the statements: "My recitation of the Qur'aan is created/uncreated".

09-14-2011, 03:17 PM
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
الحمد لله رب العالمين
و الصلاة و السلام على رسوله الأمين
أما بعد

Regarding the statements: "My recitation of the Qur'aan is created/uncreated"

Ibn Abee Daawood mentions in his poem 'Haa'iyyah[1]':

And do not say that the Qur'aan is created, meaning: its recitation,

Since the Speech of Allaah, through its recitation, is made clear.

Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan (hafidhahullaah) explains:

"And this is the third Madh-hab regarding this matter;

The First Madh-hab: (They) state clearly that the Qur'aan is created.

The Second Madh-hab: (They) withold, so they do not say (the Qur'aan) is created or uncreated.

The Third Madh-hab: They say: 'The recitation of the Qur'aan is created', so one of them will (actually) say "My recitation of the Qur'aan is created!"

This (third madhhab) in reality is deception (and it is) upon the position that 'that Qur'aan is created'. It is not allowed for you to say: 'My recitation of the Qur'aan is created', neither is it allowed for you to say : '(My recitation) is uncreated'. Rather (this issue) requires a detailed explanation.

If you say: 'My recitation of the Qur'aan is created' and you do not clarify any further, then this is the Madh-hab of the Jahmiyyah [2].

If you say: 'My recitation of the Qur'aan is uncreated' then you have made your (bodily) actions equal with the actions of Allaah and you have made your action (of recitation) uncreated. This is the Madh-hab of the Qadriyyah, those who deny the Qadr (Pre-Decree) and claim that the slaves are the ones who invent their own actions and bring them into existence.

So it is a must that you clarify, in that you ask: 'what do you intend with your saying 'my recitation of the Qur'aan'? Do you intend the utterance (with the tongue) and the vocalisation/voice or do you intend that which is being recited (i.e. the Qur'aan)?

If you intend the thing that is being recited itself, then it is uncreated for verily that which is being recited is the Speech of Allaah, Majestic and Most High.

Whereas if you intended the actual utterance, that which is pronounced with your tongue, then this is created. For your tongue, voice and utterance of words are created. As for what is being recited itself - which is transmitted by vocalisation - then this is uncreated. Therefore it (the aforementioned statement) requires clarification.

They (those who make these kinds of statements) want generalities, with that you say: 'My recitation is created', or that you say: '(my recitation) is uncreated'. They enter (and start their evil) by way of this trick. Thus you must clarify, in order to cut off their path.

This is why Ahlus-Sunnah say:

الصَّوْتُ صَوْتُ القَارِي وَالكَلَامُ كَلَامُ البَارِي

The voice is the voice of the reciter and the speech is the Speech of the Originator.

Meaning: That which is being recited is the Speech of Allaah, as for the recitation and the action (of recitation), then it is the speech of the creation, his voice is created and his pronunciation (of letters/words) is created.
Due to this peoples recitations and voices differ (in their recitation of the Qur’aan), some of them have elegance whilst others do not, some of them are good whilst others not so - this is a proof that the voice is created. Those who recite the Qur’aan differ (from each other), some of them have been given beautiful voices whilst others have not been given that, but as for the Speech of Allah - Majestic and Most High - then of course it is of the highest perfection.

It is not befitting to even enter into this matter (in the first place), however they (the Jahmiyyah and Qadriyyah) have compelled the Muslims to enter into this. It has become a must to expose them and to clarify the Truth. In reality it is an affliction and had not Allaah brought about Imaams who could clarify this, then many of the people would have remained doubtful with regards to this affair.

So the Madhaahib are three:

The First: The way of the Jahmiyyah, who speak with the creation of the Qur’aan.

The Second: The way of the Waaqifah (who say neither and ‘withold’).

The Third: The way of the Lafdhiyyah, those who say: “My recitation of the Qur’aan is created” or “My recitation of the Qur’aan is uncreated”.

We say to them (the third group): You have to make a clarification, if you intend the recitation with (your) voice then this is created but if you intend what is being recited, then it is the Speech of Allaah, which is uncreated.

For this reason it has been narrated in the Hadeeth:

((Beautify the Qur’aan with your voices))

Thus the reciter is required to beautify his voice when reciting the Qur’aan. (The Prophet) - sal-lal-laahu ‘alayhi wa sallam - used to be amazed by a beautiful voice (reciting) the Qur’aan, he would listen to Aboo Moosaa al-Ash’aree - radiyallaahu ‘anhu - whilst he was praying during the night, because Allaah had given him a good recitation, so the Prophet - sal-lal-laahu ‘alayhi wa sallam - would listen to him. Likewise the Prophet - sal-lal-laahu ‘alayhi wa sallam ordered 'Abdullaah bin Mas’ood - radiyallaahu ‘anhu - to recite for him and he would listen to him, he said:

((Surely, I love to listen to other than myself))[4]

so (ibn Mas’ood) recited to him the beginning of Sooratun-Nisaa. The Prophet - sal-lal-laahu ‘alayhi wa sallam - would love to hear a nice voice reciting the Qur’aan, and (to have a) good voice is a blessing from Allaah.” (End of Shaykh al-Fawzaan’s speech).

_ _ _ _ _ _

[1] Trans. Note: A poem regarding the 'Aqeedah of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa'ah written by Aboo Bakr 'Abdullaah bin Sulaymaan ibnul-Ash'ath as-Sijistaanee (died.316H rahimahullaah). He was well known by the name 'ibn Abee Daawood' for his father was the great Imaam Aboo Daawood Sulaymaan as-Sijistaanee (author of Sunan Abee Daawood).

[2] Trans. Note: The Jahmiyyah: A deviant, astray sect whose origins lie with Jahm bin Safwaan and his teachers, Jahm himself was later executed by the Ruler of his time (due to his corrupt beliefs). They took principles from the books of Greek/Indian philosophers and applied these to the Religion of Allaah. They negate all of Allaah's Names and Attributes including His Istiwaa above the Throne and His Descent to the lowest heaven in the last third of the night. These claims here regarding the Qur'aan are a classic example of their misguidance and confusion. They broke up/deformed into many splinter groups like the Mu'tazilah, the Kul-laabiyyah, the Ashaa'irah, the Maatureediyyah, etc. For more information, go to: www.asharis.com

[3] Reported by Aboo Daawood (1468), an-Nasaa'ee in 'al-Mujtabaa' (2/179), ibn Maajah (1342), Ahmad in 'al-Musnad' (4/283), al-Bayhaqee in 'as-Sunanul-Kubraa' (2/53), ad-Daarimee (2/565), al-Haakim in 'al-Mustadrak' (1/76, 762) and Aboo Ya'laa in 'al-Musnad' (3/245). This hadeeth was authenticated by the Muhad-dith ash-Shaykh Muhammad Naasirud-Deen al-Albaanee (rahimahullaah)

[4] From the hadeeth of Aboo Burdah reported by al-Bukhaaree (5048) and Muslim (236 and 793) upon the authority of Aboo Moosaa al-Ash'aree (radiyallaahu 'anhu)

[5] Reported by al-Bukhaaree (4582) and Muslim (248 and 800) from the hadeeth of 'Abdullaah bin Mas'ood (radiyallaahu 'anhu)

- Translated by Abul-Husayn Yusuf McNulty al-Irlandee from the book Sharhul-Mandhoomatil-Haa'iyyah fee 'Aqeedati Ahlis-Sunnati wal-Jamaa'ah of Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan (hafidhahullaah), pg.75-77 Daarul-'Aasimah.

*The opening line of poetry was taken from the translation provided by troid.org*

09-16-2011, 04:55 AM
JazaakAllaahu khayraa for this beneficial article akhee. It really clarifies the issue.

And may Allaah bless the Noble Shaykh Fawzaan and preserve him for Islaam & the Muslims.

09-22-2011, 03:21 AM
Bismillaah Al-Hamdulillaah wa salatu wa salaamu 'ala rasulullaah

Here is part of what Shaikh Saalih al-Fawzaan (hafidhahullaah) said in his sharh of 'Aqeedah At-Tahaawiyyah (http://www.salafipublications.com/sps/downloads/pdf/AQD040007.pdf) regarding those deviants who say, "the Qur`an is created." Search for Points 45-54, pages 33-39 of the link.


Q: Which groups believe that the Qur`aan is created??

The Jahmiyyah and the Mu’tazilah.

Q: Why do these groups hold this belief?

They hold this mistaken belief because they believe that Allaah does not literally speak – due to their foolish methodology of negating all of Allaah’s Attributes. They fall into this out of fear that by affirming Allaah's Attributes, they will be committing tashbeeh (resembling Allaah to the Creator).

These groups do not distinguish between the Attributes of the Creator on one hand, and the Attributes of the Creation on the other.So these groups flee from tashbeeh (resembling Allaah to His Creation) only to fall into the blameworthy ta'teel (negation of Allaah's Attributes) – which in fact is even worse! A good example of: out of the frying pan, into the Fire.

Q: What simple principle does the shaykh bring to destroy their arguments?

He hafidhahullaah said:

If only they (i.e. these two groups) affirmed that which Allaah affirmed for Himself, and were aware that there is a difference between the Attributes of the Creator and the Attributes of the Creation, they would surely have precisely arrived at the Truth, and felt at ease, and left the people at ease. However they were upon misguidance.


Q: What is the ruling passed upon the person who thinks that when he hears the Qur`aan, he is only hearing the speech of a human?

This person has committed kufr (disbelief).

Q: Why is this ruling passed upon such a person?

Such a person has rejected the speech of Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic. So if there is no speech of Allaah which He revealed upon His Servants, then how can the hujjah (proof) be established against them?

If there is not be found anywhere in existence the Speech of Allaah – not in the Tawraah, nor in the Injeel, nor in the Qur`aan – then this implies that the proof from Allaah has not been established upon Mankind, and this is from the worst forms of disbelief and the most severe misguidance.


Q: Who is the person mentioned in the Qur`aan itself who made the grave error of saying that the Qur`aan was the speech of a human?

It was al Waleed ibn al Mugheerah al Makhzoomi. He was from the senior figures amongst the kuffaar of Makkah, and one of their most powerful people. He was known as 'The Flower of Makkah' due to his high standing amongst them.

Q: How did he come to deny that the Qur`aan was the Speech of Allaah?

When he heard the Qur`aan, al Waleed was amazed by it and knew that it could not be the speech of a mere human. He therefore praised it, acknowledging that it was not like the poetry or sorcery that he was familiar with. However his people scolded and reprimanded him for saying this, since his statement would mean acknowledging the messengership of Muhammad sall Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam.

So al Waleed turned back on his opinion and said: This is nothing but the word of a human being. (Soorah al Muddathir (74) aayah 25)

And so Allaah revealed the aayaat in Soorah al Muddathir (aayaat 18 to 25).

Q: What fate did Allaah promise this man?

He, the Most High, stated: I will cast him into Hellfire. (Soorah al Muddathir (74) aayah 26)


Q: To whom does the shaykh hafidhahullaah compare al Waleed ibn al Mugheerah al Makhzoomi?

He compares al Waleed to the misguided Muslim who incorrectly states that the Qur`aan is not the Speech of Allaah in reality, but rather the speech of a man.

For what is the difference between these two people – al Waleed and the misguided Muslim – except that the latter claims Islaam for himself and the former did not claim to be Muslim??

Related links:


http://www.salafitalk.net/st/viewmessages.cfm?Forum=8&Topic=12503 (http://www.salafitalk.net/st/viewmessages.cfm?Forum=8&Topic=12503)

http://www.salafitalk.net/st/viewmessages.cfm?Forum=8&Topic=9777 (http://www.salafitalk.net/st/viewmessages.cfm?Forum=8&Topic=9777)

http://www.asharis.com/creed/print.cfm?xbxok (http://www.asharis.com/creed/print.cfm?xbxok)

09-27-2011, 04:50 AM
Bismillaah Al-Hamdulillaah wa salatu wa salaamu 'ala rasulullaah

In the description of the deviances of the Jahmiyyah in the highly beneficial post by Abul-Husayn (jazahu Allaahu khairun), the following was listed in the footnotes about the deviant Jahmiyyah: "They claim Allaah exists without a place."

For fear that someone may read this and automatically assume that the opposite is the belief of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jama'ah regarding Allaah, The Most High, here is what appears on page 20 of the translated Explanation of a Summary of al-'Aqeedatul-Hamawiyyah of Ibn Taymiyyah (rahimahullaah) explained by Imaam Muhammad ibn Saalih al-'Uthaymeen (rahimahullaah):

Chapter 3

The way of Ahlus-Sunnah Regarding Allaah's Names & Attributes

Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jama'ah: They are the ones who have united upon taking the Sunnah of the Prophet (salallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) and working according to it outwardly and inwardly in speech, action, and beliefs. Their way of dealing with the Names and Attributes of Allaah is as follows:

Firstly: Regarding Ithbaat (affirmation) - Affirming whatever Allaah has affirmed for Himself in His Book, or upon the tongue of the Messenger of Allaah (salallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) without making TaHreef, Ta'teel, Takyeef, nor Tamtheel.

Secondly: Regarding Nafee (Negation) -Their approach is to negate whatever Allaah has negated for Himself in His Book, or upon the tongue of His Messenger (salallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam), while at the same time holding the 'Aqeedah of affirming the perfection of its opposite to Allaah.

Thirdly: In those issues in which no negation nor affirmation has been reported, the issues that people have disputed about such as Allaah's body, or Allaah occupying a certain space, or position, etc., Ahlus-Sunnah withhold from speaking about it. They neither affirm nor negate these issues due to the fact that nothing has come to us regarding them. As for the meanings of these, then they seek more details. For example, if these issues intend evil and falsehood, then they refute them and declare Allaah free from these imperfections. However, if they intend the truth and they do no contradict Allaah, then they may accept them.

This approach is the required path to take. It is the middle course between the People of Ta'teel and the People of Tamtheel.

Both the intellect and what has been conveyed indicate the obligation of this path in dealing with the Names and Attributes of Allaah.

May Allaah reward Abul-Husayn for his help and direction in posting this clarification. To clear another doubt of the Jahmiyyah, Abul-Husayn wrote, "This actually reminds me how the Jahmiyyah bring another doubt, that 'if you affirm for Allaah a Face, Eyes, Hands, Fingers and Feet, then you must be affirming some kind of body.' Just like how they say 'if you affirm Allaah is above the Throne then you must be affirming for Him a place!' Wallaahul-Musta'aan."

The reply to both of these doubts of the Jahmiyyah is in Shaikh al-'Uthaimeen excellent response. Here it is again: In those issues in which no negation nor affirmation has been reported, the issues that people have disputed about such as Allaah's body, or Allaah occupying a certain space, or position, etc., Ahlus-Sunnah withhold from speaking about it. They neither affirm nor negate these issues due to the fact that nothing has come to us regarding them.